FIELDS OF PLAY
The Competition area is made up of a field 33m X 18m in length, including the intermediary zone which is between the field of play and the stands, surrounded by boards 3m X 1m. There must be safety zone 3 meters in width surrounding the playing area. Consequently, the clear playing area is 27m X 12m and is separated into two halves with an imaginary line. All the lines have a width of between 5 and 8 centimeters and are made of firm colored tape so it contrasts with the sand (blue, yellow).
There must also be a table with a stopwatch and the score, which will have space for 3 or 4 people and is placed in the middle of one of the side lines and at least 3 meters away from it and also in a position where the timekeeper / scorekeeper has a clear view of the interchange areas. The interchange area is 15 meters in length and 3 meters in width. The interchange areas are on either side of the field of play, outside the side lines.
The main playing area is surrounded by two rows of advertising boards. The first row will be perimetrically almost on the boundaries (at a 3 meter safety distance) of the field of play. The 2nd row will be placed perimetrically at the bottom part of the stands. Each advertising board will be 3m X 1m and will promote the sponsors of the GAMES or the sponsors of each competition.
Goalposts & Nets
A rectangular goal is placed inside each goal line. It must consist of two upright (vertical) posts of the same distance from each corner and be joined at the top with a crossbar.
The distances of the posts must be as following: The height of the upright post must be 2 meters from the surface of the sand. The distance between the two upright posts must be 3 meters.
The upright posts and the crossbar which form the frame of the goal are made of aluminum must be of a predetermined design with an external diameter of 8 centimeters and colored compact paint (yellow) which will clearly contrast the color of the sand and with a background (yellow, blue). The goals must be of the same color.
The formation of the goal is completed by a frame which supports the nets, where the deepest part of the nets at the top part of the goal will to 80cm and 1 meter at the base.
Every goal must include a net, made of heavy nylon (or a similar synthetic material, without knots and with a mesh of 80 X 80 mm or smaller, and a thickness of 6 mm) which will be attached to the rear end of the frame. This must be secured in such a way that when the ball is thrown from the exterior part of the goal, it must not enter the interior part of the net and a goal is mistakenly counted. It must also be secured in such a way that the opposite doesn’t occur, meaning that the ball be thrown in from the exterior part of the nets to the exterior part and the goal is mistakenly disallowed. Finally, the net must be supported in a correct way and must not interfere with the goalkeeper’s duties. Its colour must contrast the colour of the sand and must be of the same colour of the goal.
For the players’ and the officials’ safety the lowest end of the goal must be appropriately anchored-secured under the sand. The anchors must not cause danger to the players and the match officials.
Metal pipes 6 to 7 meters in height, to which protective nets for the spectators will be attached, must be installed 3 metres behind the goal area at the whole length of the field of play.
The game is played with a round, non-slippery, rubber ball. The ball for the men’s competition weighs between 350gr and 370gr and has a circumference of 54cm to 56cm. For the women’s’ competition it weighs between 280gr and 300gr and has a circumference of 50cm to 52cm. Before the start of each game there must be at least 4 balls available, one is used for the game, two must be placed in the middle behind each goal at a certain area and the other on the timekeeper’s table.
The venue site consists of one field of play with dimensions complying with the specifications of the World Federation 35-37 Χ 26-28 meters + 1-2 safety area. All lines are 10cm wide and are made of colored tape that contrasts with the sand (preferably blue). The tape must be flexible and hard-wearing but not harm the players’ feet. These lines must be firmly anchored to the sand at each corner and in the middle of each touch line with special clamps, and to the goals with rubber rings attached to the posts.
The field of play is divided into two halves by an imaginary halfway line marked by two red flags located outside the pitch. The imaginary central point of this imaginary line is the exact position for the kick-off and certain free kicks. Marks must be drawn on the goal line and touch line, 5m from each imaginary corner arc, to indicate the distance by which defending players must retreat when a corner kick is being taken
Marks must be drawn on the touch line closest to the teams’ benches, 2.5m from the imaginary halfway line and to the right and left, to indicate the maximum distance that must be observed during substitutions.
Marks must be drawn on the touch line opposite the teams’ benches, 5m to the right and left of the imaginary halfway line, to indicate the minimum distance that must be observed at kick-offs. Marks must be drawn on each touch line, level with the imaginary penalty area lines, to help the referees identify the penalty areas. The tournament site includes the field of play with an intermediary zone (between the pitch and the stands). The pitch must be rectangular and marked with lines. These lines belong to the areas of which they are boundaries. The two longer boundary lines are called touch lines. The two shorter boundary lines are called goal lines, although there is no line between the goalposts.
An elastic cord must be connected to each corner and must be connected with a piece of wood buried in the ground or a plastic anchor, usually a disc (without sharp edges). The elastic cord must provide the appropriate resistance so as to maintain the marking belts in their place, thus giving the flexibility to reduce the possibilities of injuries if a player or official gets his /her foot caught under the line. The goals are placed on the lines attached to the rings. The anchors must not create any form of danger to the players or the game officials.
Goals & Nets
A goal is placed on the centre of each goal line. A goal consists of two upright posts equidistant from the corners and joined at the top by a horizontal crossbar. The goalposts and crossbar must be made of wood, metal or another approved material. They must be round or elliptical in shape and must not be dangerous to players.
The distance (inside measurement) between the posts is 5.5m and the distance from the lower edge of the crossbar to the ground is 2.2m. The posts and crossbar have the same diameter of 10cm and are of only one color (preferably fluorescent yellow). The goal lines are the same width as the goalposts and the crossbar. The nets must be made of hemp, jute or nylon or another approved material, and are attached to the back of the goalposts and the crossbar with a suitable means of support. They must not interfere with or endanger the goalkeeper or the players.
The formation of the goal is completed by a frame which supports the nets, where the deepest part of the nets at the top part of the goal will extend to 80cm and 1 meter at the base.
Every goal must include a net, made of heavy nylon (or similar synthetic material, without knots and with a mesh of 80 X 80 mm or smaller, and a thickness of 6 mm) which will be attached to the rear end of the frame. This must be secured in such a way that when the ball is thrown from the exterior part of the goal, it must not enter the interior part of the net and a goal is mistakenly counted. It must also be secured in such a way that the opposite doesn’t occur, meaning that the ball be thrown in from the exterior part of the nets to the exterior part and the goal is mistakenly disallowed.
Finally, the net must be supported in a correct way and must not interfere with the goalkeeper’s duties. Its color must contrast the color of the sand and must be of the same color of the goal.
For the players’ and the officials’ safety the lower end of the goal must be appropriately anchored-secured under the sand. The anchors must not cause danger to the players and the match officials.
Metal pipes, 6 to 7 meters in height, to which protective nets for the spectators will be attached, must be installed 3 meters behind the goal area at the whole length of the field of play.
The official FIFA ball is spherical, is made of leather or another suitable material, has a circumference of not less than 68cm and not more than 70cm, weighs no more than 440g and no less than 400g at the start of the match, has a pressure of between 0.4 and 0.6 atmospheres at sea level. In addition, flags (red and yellow) are used to demarcate the areas of the touch-line with that of the goal, the imaginary halfway line and the imaginary lines for the penalty kick. Furthermore, belts made of cloth or other suitable material will be used in a diagonal structure and they will demarcate the field of the play area.
The competition area includes the field of play and the intermediate zone 26m x 18m including the free zone outside the perimeter of the game surrounded by signs 3.5m x 1m. The playing area is a rectangular structure measuring 16m x 8m.
The playing field (court) is divided along its halfway line by a net fitted with a chord or metal cable which must pass or be attached to two beams of a minimum height of 1.7 meters. The net should be fixed 1.7 meters along its length and fully extended so that it completely fills the gap between the two beams, ensuring that the ball cannot pass in between. For adult events, the net height can be set to 1.8 meters at the discretion of the referee.
The lines of the court must be between 2.5cm and 5.0cm, apart from the base lines can be up to 10.0cm wide. The lines at the edges of the court are called baselines and the lines at the sides of the court are called sidelines. All measurements of the field must be made outside the lines and all lines of the field must be of the same color and to contrast with the color of the sand surface. All lines must be clearly visible before the start of each point. The field measurements may change during a point due to the physical movement of the lines in the sand, but all lines must be returned to their original position before the start of each point. The distance of diagonal line of the boundary lines of the playing field should be 17.9 meters (+/- 2cm).
A rubber cord should be attached at each corner and attached to a buried wood or plastic anchor, usually a tray (without sharp edges). The elastic cord provides the necessary resistance to keep the bounding straps in place, while giving the flexibility needed to reduce the chance of injury if a player or referee or umpire gets his/her foot caught under the line. Anchors, as well, should not pose a risk to players and game officials.
The balls and rackets must comply with the rules of the International Tennis Federation (ITF). The balls should be Stage 2 (Orange) Standard, either orange with yellow or yellow with an orange dot. They must weigh 36 to 46.9 grams and the diameter from 6 to 6.86 cm, with an anterior deformation of 1.4 to 1.65 cm and a bounce length of 105 to 120 cm.
The playing court is a rectangle measuring 16 x 8 m, surrounded by a free zone, which is a minimum of 3m wide on all sides. Free playing space is the space above the playing area, which is free from all obstructions. The free playing space must be at least 7 meters away from the playing surface. The free zone is at least 5 meters and a maximum distance of 6 meters from the end lines/side lines. The free playing space must be at least 12.5 meters away from the playing surface. All lines are 5 cm wide. The lines must be of a color which contrasts sharply with the color of the sand. The dividing net must be flexible and durable, but it must not damage the behavior of the players, and the feet of the staff. The service zone is an 8m wide area behind the end line, which extends to the edge of the free zone.
Placed vertically over the middle of the court there is a net whose top is set at the height of 2.43 m for men and 2.24 m for women.
Note: The height of the net may be varied for specific age groups as follows:
Age groups: Women Men 16 years and under 2.24m, 14 years and under 2.12m, 12 years and under 2.00m.
Its height is measured from the centre of the playing court with a measuring rod. The net height (over the two side lines) must be exactly the same and must not exceed the official height by more than 2 cm.
The net is 8.5 m long and 1 m (+/- 3 cm) wide when it is hung taut, placed vertically over the narrow axis at the middle of the playing court. D3 It is made of 10 cm square mesh. At its top and bottom there are two 7-10 cm wide horizontal bands made of two-fold canvas, preferably in dark blue or bright colors, sewn along its full length. Each extremity of the upper band has a hole through which passes a cord fastening the upper band to the posts to keep the top of the net stretched taut. Within the bands, there is a flexible cable in the upper one and a cord in the bottom one for fastening the net to the posts and keeping its top and bottom taut. It is permissible to have advertising on the horizontal bands of the net.
For FIVB, World and Official Competitions, an 8.0 m net with smaller meshes and brandings displayed between the ends of the net and the posts may be used, provided that the visibility of the athletes and officials will be preserved. Publicity may be printed on the above items as per FIVB regulations. Two colored bands, 5 cm wide (same width as the court lines) and 1 m long, are fastened vertically to the net and placed directly above each side line. They are considered as part of the net. An antenna is a flexible rod, 1.80 m long and 10 mm in diameter, made of fiberglass or similar material. An antenna is fastened at the outer edge of each side band. The antennae are placed on opposite sides of the net. The top 80 cm of each antenna extends above the net and is marked with 10 cm stripes of contrasting color, preferably red and white. The antennae are considered as part of the net and laterally delimit the crossing space. The posts supporting the net are placed at a distance of 0.70-1.00 m outside each side line. They are 2.55 m high and preferably adjustable. For FIVB, World and Official Competitions, the posts supporting the net are placed at a distance of 1 m outside the side lines. 2.5.2 The posts are rounded and smooth, fixed to the ground without wires. There shall be no dangerous or obstructing devices. Posts must be padded.
The ball shall be spherical, made of a flexible material (leather, synthetic leather or similar) which does not absorb moisture, i.e. more suitable to outdoor conditions since matches can be played when it is raining. The ball has a bladder inside made of rubber or a similar material.
Color: light uniform color or a combination of colors.
Circumference: 66 to 68 cm.
Weight: 260 to 280 g.
Inside pressure: 0.175 to 0.225 kg/cm2 (171 to 221 mbar or hPa).